nstructions An outline is the scaffold upon which you build


An outline is the scaffold upon which you build your pg You probably already use a mental outline when you plan a pg , perhaps without even being aware of it. Writing the outline can give you a visualization of your plan. An outline provides both focus and direction for the pg, shows where relevant points and arguments need to be made and also identifies areas where more supportive evidence is needed.

What is an annotated outline?
As you are writing a research pg your pg is built around the research findings that you located in your search. When you prepare an annotated outline, you will note the research that supports each section of the pg. This will help you see any areas that need further research to support them.

The following example may help support the transition of your pg from a collection of research notes to a fully developed pg.

Suppose the research topic you chose was the relation of childhood bullying to self-esteem. The title of your pg is: Self-esteem in childhood bullying.

When researching the pg, you found conflicting research results. Some research showed that children with low self-esteem tended to bully others, while other research showed that children with extremely high self-esteem were bullies. Looking closer, you began to see that this research could be divided into studies investigating different variables, such as gender, age, and ethnic background. Now, you want to turn this into a research report.

An annotated outline might look like this (all citations are fictional) Topic: The relation of childhood bullying to self-esteem: Too much or too little?

  1. Overview of childhood bullying
    1. Definitions of bullying (Simpson, 2010; O’Connor, 2008)
    2. Types of bullying (Yang, 2009; Sinisi, 2011)
  2. Self-esteem in childhood
    1. Definitions of self-esteem (Whitefield, 2009)
    2. Impact of self-esteem on behavior in childhood (Liebermann, 2010)
  3. Research on the relation of self-esteem to bullying in childhood
    1. Gender, self-esteem, and childhood bullying
      1. Self-esteem and same-gender bullying
        1. Self-esteem in boys bullying boys (Pryzborski, 2012)
        2. Self-esteem in girls bullying girls
      2. Self-esteem in opposite gender or non-gender-specific bullying in childhood (no research found)
    2. Age, self-esteem in childhood bullying
      1. Self-esteem and bullying from 6-9 (Brennan, 2011)
      2. Self-esteem and bullying from 9-12 (Mendez, 2010; Lee, 2011)
    3. Family structure, self-esteem, and childhood bullying
      1. Self-esteem and bullying in children in single-parent families (Shams, 2012)
      2. Self-esteem and bullying in children in dual-parent families (Mugaddam, 2011)
    4. Ethnicity, self-esteem, and childhood bullying
      1. Inter-ethnic bullying and self-esteem (Jacinto, 2009; Akbarzadeh, 2010)
      2. Intra-ethnic bullying and self-esteem (Lawrence, 2011)
  4. Conclusions
  5. Summary and suggestions for future studies
  6. References

Preparing an annotated outline in this way will give you a way to organize and clarify your plans. It gives your instructor a chance to provide feedback on the proposed structure of the pg before you begin to write. You can also see which subtopics you need to research further before proceeding with the final draft.

This week, you must submit an annotated outline for your Signature Assignment due in Week 8. Your assignment should include:

  1. A one-page overview in which you:
    1. Briefly explain the topic for the proposal and support for the chosen topic.
  2. Then prepare an outline of the structure of your proposal.

    You will structure your proposal as follows:

    1. Describe of the purpose of your program.
    2. Provide background information (population served, problem it is addressing, etc.) about the program.
    3. Describe the organization of the program.
    4. Develop a plan for implementation.
    5. Discuss any ethical, legal, and moral concerns that may arise

Include at least five scholarly references that support your topic (although more are required for the final pg)

Length: 2-3 pages, plus reference page

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